What Do Wood Planers Do?

Working on wood projects can be fun and depending on what kind of project, you will need the certain tools to complete it. Depending on the project, you might need tools like drills, jointers, or saws.

But an important tool you might need is a planer. Planers are a simple tool that may seem like other tools, but it has a very important defining feature. This feature, which you will learn more about later, allows planers to differentiate itself from other tools.

Despite its importance, people are sometimes confused on the role of a planer in woodworking.

All About a Planer

For those who do not know, a wood planer is a wood working tool that is used to reduce thickness, smooth, and flattens a face of a wood surface. This tool is one of the most used tools in wood projects, and there is more than one type.

While there are electrical and non-electrical planers, it is first important to understand the basic types. The basic types of planers you can use include manual hand planers, stationary planers, and hand-held electrical planers.

There are also special planers used for specific purposes. An example of one is the rabbet plane that lets you cut such things like steps into your piece of wood. For the purposes of this article, we are only focusing on the basic wood planer.

What Does a Planer Do?

 As mentioned above, a wood planer functions as a tool that flattens and smooths a surface. The most important function of a planer is that it is above to reduce the thickness of a board.

There many ways to use a planer and all these ways depends on what kind of planer you use. Electrical planers have instruction manuals for you to read. These manuals will help you with any trouble and these materials will teach you how to use your planers the right way.

Manual hand planers are powered by your hand movements, which means you are in complete control of it. These planers are the most portable, but they are also the least powerful. There are many tutorials to use these planers online. By watching or reading these tutorials, you will learn how to use these planers properly.

While the specialty types of planers have their own types of functions and directions, it is important to read the instructions and watch tutorials on how to use these planers properly.

But all planers basically do the same job as they function the same way. Specialty planers only differ from regular planer as they have more functions. Certain types of specialty planers can make steps or make it easier to join pieces of wood together.

The Difference Between Planers and Jointers

People tend to confuse planers with jointers, but the two tools are different. Jointers may share some functions with planers such as flattening and smoothing, but jointers are more limited.

Jointers are for the lengths of a board or other wood surface while planers are for the faces of a piece of wood. It is the lack of multiple functions that makes a jointer limited.

For example, jointers are generally better for smoothing edges on the lengths on a piece of wood better than planers. But a planer is better at extracting a board thickness than a jointer.

This is why the two similar tools are different as they have different functions.

 What Are Planers Used for?

There many projects that involve the use of different types of wood planers. These projects include door installation and recycling wood. And some projects might need a specialty planer such as projects that require you to join two wood pieces.

Remember before you start any project, make sure that you actually need a planer and not a jointer. While there are some projects that involve the use of both tools, most do not.

For example, furniture makers need both to produce their creation. While furniture makers could use two separate tools, most use a 2 in 1 tool that combines a plane with a jointer.

This tools helps furniture makers build his or her products as both the length and face of the wood’s surface needs to be smoothed, flattened, and not too thick. A 2 in 1 plane helps these creators with their projects.

Planer tips

    • Always wear eye protection when working with a planer, especially the electrical ones. Goggles and protection glasses help protect your eyes from any small wood shavings from injuring your eyes.


    • All planers have blades, so be careful when you are using the tool. You can injure yourself with this tool


    • Always remember to check your planer every once in a while, to ensure that its clean and the blades are sharp. Wood shavings from other projects can stay in the blade and make difficult to work if there is too much in it. Also, sharp planers blades are needed for it to work properly.

Specialty vs. Basic planers

Since there are different types of planers for you to use, it made seem like they have different purposes. It may also see like every type of planner are different from each other.

Specialty planers differ from basic planers since they are made for specific purposes. However, specialty planers still do the same things as a basic planer. It’s just more specific with its usage due to its specific nature.

It is always better to use the basic planers in most cases as you will not need a special function when you are just thinning a piece of wood.

Planers have many functions but these roles allow the tool to do its job. Whether you are using the tool to smooth or flatten your wood, it is important to use the right planner for the job. And it is always important to know a tool’s function, especially if you are using the tool.

Hopefully, you know understand a planer’s function.










One Comment

  1. Great post! I read your blog fairly often and I always learn something.I shared this on Facebook and my followers really enjoyed it.Keep up the amazing work!

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